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A farmer delivered freshly harvested rubber latex from his plantation to sell at Ban Phraek Ha Agricultural Cooperative in Phatthalung's Khuan Khanun District. When it arrived, the body of workers of the co-op weighed the milky liquid, checked its concentrate in a small laboratory, and paid the farmer.
"i love the co-op device. As a member of the co-op, i can sell my box rubber latex to them day by day. despite the fact they pay me the market fee, i am certain that i am not cheated because the digital scale offers the real weight, and the manner they measure the latex concentrate is accountable," noted Phan Thongkhao. Now in his 70s, the farmer checked out his one hundred seventy baht earnings while sipping espresso and eating rambutan at the co-op coffee corner.
Phan, who has been a rubber farmer for greater than forty years, struggles to make ends meet, identical to different rubber farmers, besides the fact that children herbal rubber is without doubt one of the nation's bread-and-butter exports. Thailand has been the area's biggest herbal rubber enterprise since 1991, according to the Board of investment.
closing 12 months, over four million tonnes of natural rubber become produced within the nation, most of it for export. The rubber generated about 142 billion baht, accounting for of the realm's total herbal latex production, main competitors like Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam. Yet farmers who develop rubber bushes for latex were plagued by low expenses. The cabinet is planning to launch the cost-assure scheme at 60 baht per kilo, compared to the existing typical market expense of 39 baht per kilo.
despite the fact, the government programme is not the appropriate solution. One farmer says that if rubber farmers understand a way to add value by growing their personal branded items as a substitute of selling natural rubber latex, they could have greater revenue devoid of awaiting the govt's aid.
Anun Junrat is the person who desired to support his neighborhood. He founded Ban Phraek Ha Agricultural Cooperative in 2015 with a purpose to open a latex manufacturing unit. not like different latex factories, which produce either latex focus or latex pillows, the facility in Ban Phraek Ha is a one-cease provider. As of now, it's the best latex manufacturing facility in Thailand that offers a full construction method together with making latex concentrate and products in one area.
The co-op has more than 300 contributors, or half of all rubber farmers within the provinces. The plant produces latex pillows and mattresses beneath its Talung Latex brand. it is additionally an common machine company (OEM) for another 5 groups. The product highlights are white coloration, much less chemical odour and tender texture. thanks to a analysis group from the countrywide Science know-how construction agency (NSTDA), they have got more suitable the product nice and dealing ambiance, and shortened construction time and cost.
Pillows are left to dry after being removed from the oven. The country wide Science know-how building company
RECEIVING financial WINDFALL
back in 2013, the top of the Agricultural Extension's Phatthalung workplace had a plan to support rubber farmers by having a one-stop factory, ranging from buying natural rubber at once from farmers, stocking the latex, and producing latex focus. The undertaking got approval in 2014 with a budget of 34 million baht. The authority selected to work with the strongest farmer neighborhood changed into Phanom Wang Agricultural Cooperative in Khuan Khanun district. The issue turned into that the mission didn't flow the general public hearing, as rubber farmers in Phanom Wang did not want a factory in their backyard.
Anun, who became the deputy supervisor of the co-op at that time, studied the project. He saw it as a "golden probability" to help rubber farmers in his native land. He sought suggestions from the group leader of Ban Phraek Ha, found about 10km from Phanom Wang. The leader supported his thought.
"There became no such task within the Kingdom that may totally aid the rubber farmers from the beginning to finish of items like this one," talked about Anun, including it became an enormous government investment hardly ever considered in his lifetime, so he took the probability.
Anun registered the Ban Phraek Ha Agricultural Cooperative with 50 members in 2015. He asked one member to permit the co-op to own a 10 rai plot of land on the rubber plantation in an effort to use the land to follow for a personal loan to build a factory. The machines were install in late 2016, however no person knew the way to function them.
beginning with just a few staff, Anun learned mostly via trial and blunder throughout the first half of 2017. besides the fact that children they efficaciously produced latex pillows, they had been now not completely satisfied with the fine and didn't yet recognize how to make latex concentrate.
"we are the rubber farmers. We be aware of the way to grow rubber trees and get the sap, but now not to make latex concentrate for products," he mentioned.
The co-op contacted the national Science expertise development company (NSTDA) for support. a first research group visited the plant in the middle of 2017. at the moment, the plant multiplied to 30 group of workers. The analysis crew proficient them in how to make latex concentrate unless the co-op began paying for natural rubber without delay from its farmer members.
although it appeared that the co-op might run the total process of a latex pillow company, Anun knew that he might make it superior.
"Our latex pillows seem like these of alternative suppliers or imported products -- I wish to locate a brand new selling point," he spoke of.
a new pillow case with natural-coloration art work. Karnjana Karnjanatawe
INTRODUCING a new method
Making a latex pillow or mattress usually requires practically a month. It begins from gathering clean natural latex from farmers, spinning out water from the rubber content material, making latex concentrate, growing old it, and then turning it into latex foam for pillows or mattresses.
in the manner of latex concentrate and maturation, chemical additives like ammonia, zinc oxide (ZnO) and tetramethylthiuram disulphide (TMTD) are used as preservatives.
To keep rubber latex from being spoiled, it needs of ammonia per complete weight. Ammonia is a colourless, totally irritating gasoline with a suffocating and pungent odour. publicity to the ammonia even in lessen concentrations can cause coughing together with nose, throat, eye and epidermis irritation.
"employees in rubber flora have direct contact with ammonia every day. It could make them in poor health in the future," said Chaveewan Kongkaew, the important researcher of the national metallic and substances expertise middle (Mtec) operated beneath NSTDA.
She and her crew created a brand new formulation to reduce the use of ammonia with the aid of half, or down to whereas nonetheless conserving the ZnO and TMTD at
They call the new latex focus ParaFIT. "Para" brief for yang para, or "rubber latex" in Thai, and "fit" stands for Foam Innovation of Thailand.
"ParaFIT is an extremely-low ammonia-latex concentrate. it will probably support increase the working environment, as a way to benefit the health of laborers," noted Chaveewan.
About two years ago, when the company of creating latex pillows all started to boom, the group looked for a manufacturing facility that could benefit from the new method.
"We selected to work with Ban Phraek Ha Agricultural Cooperative as a result of their factory has an entire creation line. We also need our R&D to benefit local communities, no longer a private company," she mentioned.
In a 12 months-and-a-half, the analysis crew visited the manufacturing unit about 10 times. each time, they spent about every week. all the way through the primary few visits, they adjusted the components and gradually educated the factory staff until they could be capable of produce ParaFIT and ideal their products.
"ParaFIT can shorten the maturation time of latex focus from 21-25 days all the way down to 1-three days. When the time for growing old latex is shorter, it helps in the reduction of prices and cupboard space," noted Anun, including that ParaFIT can assist shop at least three million baht for each production batch.
"When the maturation time is short, it also merits the shade of latex foam. Our pillows and mattresses are snowy white, not the eggshell coloration of typical latex pillows. The products also wouldn't have the unpleasant smell of chemical compounds, as a result of when we use little of the additives, they are all washed away all over the construction system," said Anun.
The manufacturing unit has additionally applied a water-treatment gadget to recycle water for plants.
Milky latex liquid is poured into a mattress mold. photograph courtesy of The national Science expertise construction agency
BEING A learning CENTRE
The demand for latex pillows has extended globally because of a rising consciousness of the fitness benefits. it's estimated that the market, which became valued at about billion baht in 2018, will develop yearly from 2019-25.
For Thailand, the biggest marketplace for latex-pillow customers is China. despite the fact the Talung Latex manufacturer of Ban Phraek Ha Agricultural Cooperative has not yet exported its own products, some of its OEM companions do. "we are able to invest extra to upgrade our factory to meet each local and foreign standards, so that we will have direct contracts to produce latex pillows and mattresses for export," said Anun.
all the way through this time, Anun has opened the manufacturing unit as a getting to know centre. He has bought visitors from many constituents of Thailand, some neighbouring international locations, and additionally from China.
He can demonstrate each procedure to people that have an interest, exceptionally agricultural co-ops. At latest, Ban Phraek Ha Agricultural Cooperative has the skill to provide 400 latex pillows and 6 king-measurement mattresses a day. The items have three tiers of firmness. The softest one is like a high-quality sponge.
"as soon as, I acquired guests from China. They put a fresh egg on my mattress and sat on it. The egg didn't crack. it's the manner the customers demonstrated the softness, and we handed," he talked about.
in the future, Anun plans to raise the ParaFIT creation ability from 2 tonnes to eight tonnes, opening more opportunity for farmers to sell their herbal rubber to the co-op. New pillow moulds could be added to create greater product choices.
"Our factory has come this a long way due to the aid of the NSTDA. without the research team, we were like untrained warring parties. Working with the researchers, they are like our coaches. They help shape our ideas and make our items more suitable and safer. I do not know what's going to lie forward, but i know if I continue on this direction, our manufacturing unit will damage even in the subsequent two years," he referred to.
every pillow is pressed to get rid of water after being washed. pictures: Karnjana Karnjanatawe
Pillows are spun in the computing device unless practically dry. Karnjana Karnjanatawe
The analysis team contains, from left, Suriyakamon Montha, Julathep Kajornchaiyakul (Mtec govt director), Chaveewan Kongkaew (research primary) and Piyada Suwandittakul. The country wide Science technology building agency
Chaveewan Kongkaew, centre, works with body of workers at the factory. The countrywide Science know-how construction company